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Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verbs with SPLASH

splash out = do something very excessive/expensive

“Monaco is splashing out on the royal wedding this weekend.”

“Ted splashed out on a new sports car even though he really can’t afford it.”

splash around = play in water

“I used to love to spash around in the lake when I was young.”

“Jane splashes around in the bathtub. She loves the bubbles.”

Phrasal verbs with HOLD

hold on = wait on the telephone

Hold on. I need to get a pen to take the message.”

hold on = keep your hand(s) on something

“I tried to hold on to her hand, but the crowd pulled her away.”

hold off on = delay

“We’re going to hold off on buying a new house until the interest rates go down.”

Some phrasal verbs with TEAR

tear down = demolish/knock down

The city is tearing down the old Lincoln Hotel and replacing it with an office tower.

tear off = pull away

It always hurts when you tear off a band-aid.

tear into = criticize/yell at

My father tore into me for not asking for permission to use his car.

Phrasal verbs with MAKE

make up = say sorry after an argument

John and I made up and then laughed about the reason for the fight.

make up = create something – like a story – that is not real

When I was a younger, I would make up excuses for always being late.

make fun of = laugh at someone

It is not nice to make fun of people who are weaker than you are.

Phrasal verbs with LIVE

live down = put something embarrassing behind you

I feel like I will never live down my stupid behavior at the Christmas party.

live through = experience

My grandparents lived through World War II.

live on = survive from

During my 2-month diet, I lived on soup and vegetables. It was so boring!

Phrasal verbs with SHOW

show up = arrive / come

‘I was upset with Jim last night. He showed up to dinner an hour late.’

‘Ella said she will show up after her yoga class.’

show off = do something with to much pride / boast

‘Paul fell off his bike while he was showing off.’

‘Even though Zoe is a really good dancer, she never shows off in front of other people.’

Phrasal verbs with BACK

fall back on = use if you need to

“I ran out of money on my trip, so I fell back on my credits card.”

“When Paul is overworked, he falls back on his brother to help him finish the jobs.”

fall behind = not keep up

“I lost my job and I’m going to fall behind on my mortgage payments.”

Some phrasal verbs with RUN

run into = see someone by surprise/unexpectedly.

“I ran into Jane yesterday. She got married!”

“I never run into old friends anymore.”

run away from = escape from something/someone

“I ran away from the mugger before he got my handbag.”

“It is not good to run away from your problems. You should deal with them.”

Grammar Lesson: relative clauses

We use relative clauses to give additional information about something, without having to start a new sentence. There are 2 types of relative clauses – defining and non-defining.

For each, we use the pronouns who, whom, where, when, why, which, and that.

A defining relative clause clearly tells us the person or thing we are talking about. The information is very important.

Phrasal Verbs with RUN

run way = escape from your life

I feel so stressed at home. I just want to run away and start a new life.

When I was a child, I used to run away for a few hours whenever my parents would discipline me!

run out = not have enough of something/finish something

I ran out of flour while I was baking today.